THE SCIENCE OF HYPNOTISM
BY
ALEXANDER CANNON
K.G.C.B., M.D., D.P.M., Ph.D., F.R.G.S., F.R.S.A., ETC.
Chevalier Grand Croix et Commandeur Hereditaire, etc
Author of
"The Invisible Influence," "The Shadow of Destiny" etc.
 
Rider and Company
68 Fleet Street, London, E.C.4
 

This book was published some time between the wars and gives an idea of how Hypnotism was seen by one doctor of repute at the time in Britain. It contains a number of theoretical ideas that seem quite silly or wrong today. But since it is out of print it seems worth presenting as part of a historical view of the subject.

The chapter on methods can be read with interest, though the rather authoritarian attitude current at that time would not be accepted by many today in our more egalitarian world.

There is a chapter on "Colour Science", relating to a supposed lost civilisation of Atlantis dated a quarter of a million years BC which seems to me to be typical of how a lot of mumbo-jumbo has got mixed up with hypnosis in the past. - Dylan Morgan hypno1.co.uk www.personal-consultant.co.uk

CONTENTS

PREFACE

The use of hypnotism - its place in science - its explanation of spiritualism, "Christian Science," faith - healing, occultism and clairvoyance and crystal-gazing - hypnotism and its uses in insanity - production of hallucinations - destruction of hallucinations - delusions and suggestion - uses in anxiety states, worry, etc., and in the psychoses (insanity) - suggestion and the hypnotic state - hetero - suggestion - auto-suggestion

INTRODUCTION

Definition - the principle upon which hypnotism works - reason for " fixing" the patient's attention - explanation of symptoms produced and how hypnotism acts - types of hypnotic sleep: light, deep, somnambulism - the meaning of en rapport - the difference between ordinary sleep and Hypnotic sleep - how paralysis of many years' standing is cured - treatment of aphonia (loss of voice) - force of suggestion - the test of the hypnotic state demonstrated to the critic - the criterion as to whether hypnotic suggestion will bear forth good results - registration of suggested warmth by the thermometer - crime and the hypnotic state - the conversion of natural sleep into hypnotic sleep: suggestion somnique of Farez

THE THEORY OF HYPNOTISM

Heidenhain's - monotonous gentle stimulation of a sense causing inhibition of the cortical cells, with consequent suspension of the higher cerebral functions - the physiological tiring of a sense - reduction of a person's mental state of polydeism to one of monodeism and thence to vacuity - the power of hypnotic suggestions upon this "vacuity" state - its complete control of the hypnotist - immediately opposite changes which can be produced

Bernheim's suppression of the ego - the two sides of personality - the " practical out-door " test of suggestibility

Lauder Brunton's theory of occurrence of hypnotic phenomena analogy afforded in physics by the interference of rays of light and sound with one another when they meet in certain relationships to each other - the whole nervous mechanism and a mutual check system - maintenance of balance between sensory and motor nerves - explanation of reflex movements - when sensory strong irregular impulse is disseminated into channels of different lengths the reaction ceases to be merely reflex - the check system only works effectively up to a certain point - inhibition is then produced - what inhibition is - the application of the theory of interference to the induction of hypnosis - inhibition is an interference phenomenon and not an abolition of function, as proved by its immediate production and removability - dynamogenesis explained - inhibition the foundation of hypnotism

The heart is an example of the close association of neuro-regulating arrangements and their action upon each other - the three principal ganglia of Bidder, Remak and Ludwig - how they act, together and separately - hypnotism and the capacity of determining inhibition compared - hypnogenic zones

Liébeault's rules - suitable witness - suggestions to all somnambulists of hypnotist's omnipotent power - spoken permission - therapeutic suggestions

METHODS OF HYPNOTISING

Lloyd Tuckey's Method - the testing of the degree of hypnotisability of the patient - finger fixation - verbal monotonous - toned suggestions - response to local warmth - method of awakening - testing of stages of hypnosis - cataleptic stage, automatic stage, somnambulic stage - testing for en rapport - production of negative hallucinations

Bernheim's Method - eye to eye fixation - monotonous verbal commands - thumb and finger imperceptible movements - how to assist a difficult patient - speed with which repeated hypnosis call be made, and how

Grossman's Method - a hint in how to over - come the sceptic - suggest suggestibility to each patient - insensibility of the eyeballs - the half-sitting position and its hints - the dazed expression - how to succeed with an obstinate patient - treatment of pain - persistence until success - talent for invention - induction of anaesthesia and amnesia immediately on awakening the patient - prevention of harmful results of auto-suggestion

The Author's Occidental Method - importance of comfortable position of patient in easy chair - all - important explanations to the patient - what the hypnotist will do - what the hypnotist must expect - what the hypnotist expects of the hypnotised - mental state of rest - automatic verbal and motor obedience - signal for awakening - insensibility of eyes test - the tiring of the sense of sight by the bright light of the ophthalmoscope (or other light), or by other methods described - the wording of the all-important detailed suggestions of sleep - the automatic closing of the eyes - complete relaxation - the dreamy state - the sleepy state - the production of the cataleptic state by stroking the limb - the automatic state - the somnambulic state- the acting of dreams - the acting to command - the carrying out of post-hypnotic suggestion - the method of awakening - how to command the awakening with certainty .

Liébeault's Method - the making the mind as blank as possible - fixation of the eyes on any object - sleepy suggestions - tests for suggestibility - en rapport

Erskine's Method - eye fixation whilst patient relaxes fully in an easy chair - eyelids to close with each verbal count - command to sleep - suggestions made - method of awakening - evading the conscious mind

Binet and Féré's Method of Fascination - its advantages - its objections and dangers - tendency to induce a state of complete automatism with entire suppression of the patient's personality - the hypnotist's eyes - appearance of intense brilliancy - patient attracted by those eyes - success of this method with the insane persons upon whom the other methods have failed - cutting short maniacal attacks - successful treatment of various intractable mental conditions - the first sign of reversed hypnotism - tendency to fatigue of the hypnotist

The treatment of refractory cases

Bernheim - Coué Method - the patient relaxes on a couch, the head of which is raised - the room is flooded with a beautiful blue light - patient asked to either look at light reflected from ceiling or at a print of the hypnotist's eyes - a special gramophone record is played to produce hypnotic sleep - hypnotist energetically moves his hands and arms in certain directions of magnetic line of force - advantages of the method

The Author's Artificial Eye Method - a Dr. Millauro artificial eye used - instructions of a suggestive nature given to patient - patient relaxes in ordinary chair - patient carries out hypnotist's commands - method of lighting up the room and the artificial eye - subsidiary use of the Cannon Hypnoscope

Treatment by transfer of illness from the sick to one already profoundly hypnotised - Luys' clinic method - the " adoption "is not only of the disease, but also of the patient's personality, by the profoundly hypnotised - its experimental value

Hypnotisation of animals - illustrations - hypnotisation of the victim of animals

The Author's Method of using suggestion with hypnosis - patient must relax completely - close his eyes - pay NO attention to what is said to him - election of words - how to use these selected words in therapeusis - cycle of repetition and rest - Method of Silence used when patient will listen and pay attention to what is said to him

Delboeuf's- Yogism - so-called occult and Indian fakir practices explained

Auto-suggestion - Napoleon and Coste de Lagrave - "will-power" - essence of faith - healing and " Christian Science "

Carl Wickland Modified Method of Depossession - medium - static current - how to ''de-possess" a patient - the author's modified method - how to produce a static current

CLASSIFICATION

Charcôt's - lethargy, catalepsy, somnambulism - how these methods are tested - neuro-muscular activity and its tests - production of the cataleptic state by the hypnotist opening the eyes of the patient - the emotional attitudes produced - one-sided catalepsy - the production of the somnambulic state by gently rubbing the top of the head

Liébeault's - first stage of drowsiness - second stage of suggestive catalepsy - almost complete retention of consciousness in the first and second stages - third stage of oppression by great sleepiness - hypotaxis - fourth stage of complete en rapport with the hypnotist; the patient ceases to be in relation with the outer world - the fifth stage of somnambulism with indistinct and difficult recall of what happened during hypnosis - the sixth stage of complete amnesia for the period of hypnosis; in this stage all post-hypnotic phenomena can be accurately produced

TREATMENT

Therapeutic value of hypnotism in mental disorders - the almost insurmountable obstacle of auto-suggestion - suggestion per se with special drugs - note on the ten established facts regarding hypnosis and its uses

Liébeault and others - consumption of large doses of poison without harm in the hypnotic state - control of nerve centre excitability - treatment of tetanus and other spasmodic diseases - treatment of dysuria of Bright's disease, diabetes, stricture, prostate enlargement - painless childbirth - regulation of menstrual (monthly period) flow

HYPNOTIC COLOUR SCIENCE

The secret of the Atlanteans and the Aryan Hindoos - Deighton-Patmore's work - Research of the Colour Centre of Blackpool - etheric vibrations and colours, sound and perfume - some spiritualistic misconceptions - disease and vibrations - the colour spectrum - the value of colours - the secret of making thoughts things - green and the Psalmist - clairvoyance and the spectrum - healing and colour - simplicity is the soul of learning - the Heaven of success out of a Hell of failure - the "etheric double" - B.B.C. and slumber colour-music - the "spectrone" lamp and its multi-colours and multi-jewel-facet fog defiant lens - the Great White Lodge - its lens - its aims - its psychic lamp - colour and sex - the etheric " tuning fork" of the body - great truths from Atlantis - life begins where books end

The "Spectrone" Colour Lamp - colour combination - the use of colours - their effect upon the psyche and physical organism

The Great White Lodge Lamp - use mat-black walls, and ceiling - black, blue or dark red furniture - height of lamp from floor - in centre of room - timing of revolutions according to heart-beat - silence of mechanism - direction of revolution - combination of colours on the globe - use of perfumes and sounding of certain notes by the voice - powerful psychic effect

WORDING OF SOME OF THE AUTHOR'S RECORDS

[These amount to three "scripts" of an uplifting nature. - DM]

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The Chapters of the book The Science of Hypnosis by Alexander Cannon:

Contents | Preface | Introduction | Theory | Methods | Classification | Treatment |

Colour | Recordings